Line-based and closed shapes require a pen to show their shape.
The particularity with closed shapes is that they can be filled, with a color, a
picture, or a pattern.
A brush is an object that holds a color, a picture, or a
drawing pattern and that is used to fill the interior of a closed shape. This
definition also means that there are various types of brushes with different
goals. To meet these goals, the .NET Framework provides support for brushes in
various namespaces with different classes. The parent of all brushes is the Brush
class defined in the System::Drawing namespace.
Because the main job of a brush is to fill a closed shape,
the Graphics class provides a method that corresponds to each of the
closed shapes we reviewed to draw in the previous lesson in order to fill it.
The methods are:
- FillRectangle: Used to fill the interior of a rectangle or a square
- FillRectangle: Used to fill the interior of a series of rectangles
- FillEllipse: Used to fill the interior of an ellipse or a circle
- FillPolygon: Used to fill the interior of a polygon
- FillPie: Used to fill the interior of a pie
- FillPath: Used to fill the interior of a graphic path
To fill out a shape, call one of these methods, pass it a
brush value, followed by the location and dimensions of the shape. For example,
if you want to draw a rectangle and fill it with a brush, you would use code
private: System::Void Form1_Paint(System::Object * sender,PaintEventArgs * e)
e->Graphics->FillRectangle(SomeBrush, 20, 20, 200, 160);
Over all, there are four types of brushes.