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Animations and Transitional Effects

 

Animations

 

Introduction

An animation is the ability to move objects in a slide without your direct intervention during a presentation. For example, instead of displaying the main title directly when a slide comes up, you may want it to show one word at a time. Imagine you have a picture in a slide but you want to introduce the picture before displaying it. To achieve this, you can delay the picture. Furthermore, if you have a picture with various parts, you can show these parts one at a time. Based on this, you can see that animation can add very dramatic effects to your presentation.

You create an animation on one slide or on some slides of the presentation. To apply a general animation to all slides, you can access the slide master.

To support animations, Microsoft PowerPoint provides various options in the Slide Show group of the main menu.

 

Preset Animations

A preset animation is one that exists already as it ships with Microsoft PowerPoint. You can just use it when necessary. To access a preset animation:

  • In Microsoft PowerPoint 2000, first select the text or the object that you want to animate. Then, on the main menu, click Slide Show -> Preset Animation and click the desired option
  • In Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2003, display a slide. Then, on the main menu, click Slide Show -> Animation Schemes. In the slide, select the object or text that you want to animate

When you select an object or text in the slide and select a preset animation, the animation would apply to that object. When performing your presentation and when you get to the slide, you can click and the animation would be produced.

Practical Learning Practical Learning: Introducing Animations

  1. Start Microsoft PowerPoint
  2. Open the College Park Auto Shop2 presentation and make sure the first slide is displaying
  3. On the slide, click Park to make sure the title is selected
  4. On the main menu, click Slide Show and click either (in 2000) Preset Animation or (in 2003) Animation Schemes...
  5. Click Fade In One By One
  6. To apply an animation to all slides, on the main menu, click View -> Master -> Slide Master
  7. Click title in the first line
  8. On the main menu, click Slide Show -> Animation Schemes... and click Neutron
  9. On the main menu, click Slide Show -> Preset Animation -> Typewriter
  10. On the Master toolbar, click Close
  11. Save the presentation and view it

Custom Animations

A custom animation allows you to consider the objects or the text boxes in a slide, one at a time, and to animate them. To support this, Microsoft PowerPoint allows you to identify each and apply the desired animation to it.

To perform custom animation on one slide:

  • You can right-click a work or an object in the slide and click Custom Animation...
  • While the slide is displaying, on the main menu, click Slide Show -> Custom Animation...

To apply a custom animation to all slides, first access the master slide. Then, either right-click it and click and click Custom Animation or, on the main menu, click Slide Show -> Custom Animation...

Practical Learning Practical Learning: Creating a Custom Animation

  1. To create a custom animation for one slide, display the first slide
  2. Right-click Park on the slide and click Custom Animation...
  3. In the Check To Animate Slide Objects list, click the check box of Bevel 3
  4. In the Entry Animation And Sound combo box of the Effects property page, select Dissolve
     
  5. In the Check To Animation Slide Objects list, click the check box of Title 4
  6. In the Entry Animation And Sound combo box, select Stretch
  7. In the Check To Animation Slide Objects list, click the check box of Text 5
  8. In the Entry Animation And Sound combo box, select Stretch
  9. In the Check To Animation Slide Objects list, click the check box of Text 9
  10. In the Entry Animation And Sound combo box, make sure Fly and From Left are selected.
    In the Introduce Text combo box, select By Letter
     
  11. Click OK
  12. On the main menu, click View -> Master -> Slide Master
  13. On the main menu, click Slide Show -> Custom Animation...
  14. In the Check To Animation Slide Objects list, click the check box of Title 12
  15. Click the Effects property page
  16. In the Entry Animation And Sound left combo box, select Blinds
  17. In the Entry Animation And Sound right combo box, select Vertical
  18. In the Introduce Text combo box, select By Word
  19. In the Check To Animation Slide Objects list, click the check box of Rectangle 7
  20. In and in its Start Animation section, click the Automatically radio button
  21. Accept the default value of 00:00
  22. Click the property page
  23. In the Entry Animation And Sound left combo box of the Effects property page, select Wipe
  24. In the Entry Animation And Sound right combo box, select Right
  25. Click OK
  26. Save the presentation and view it

Chart Animation

As a high visual effect, a chart can be displayed using a custom animation. You have two main options. To apply an animation to a chart, you should first display the slide that contains the chart and click the chart to select.

When a chart on a slide is selected, on the main menu, you can click Slide Show -> Preset Animation -> Animate Chart. If you do this, Microsoft PowerPoint would identify each part of the chart and create a default animation to it. If you don't want the default animation applied to a chart, you can right-click it and click Custom Animation... In the Custom Animation dialog box, you can use the options available in the Chart Effects property page.

Practical Learning Practical Learning: Animating a Chart

  1. Display the 7th slide that contains the chart and click the chart
  2. On the main menu, click Slide Show -> Preset Animation and click Animate Chart
  3. Save the presentation and view it to notice the effects when you get to the 7th slide
  4. While the 7th slide is still displaying, right-click the slide and click Custom Animation...
  5. In the Introduce Chart Elements combo box, select By Category
  6. In the left combo box of the Entry Animation And Sound combo box, select Wipe
  7. In the right combo box of the Entry Animation And Sound combo box, select Up
     
  8. Click OK
  9. Save the presentation and view it to see the effects on the chart

The Order of Animations

When you create the animations of the various parts of a slide, the list of animations on that particular slide is created in the Order & Timing property page of the Custom Animation dialog box. The list is incremental: the first object on which you created the animation becomes number 1, the second is number 2. This is also the order they would appear in the slide. If you want another order, you can click the item corresponding to the animation, and then click the up or the down buttons of the Move label.

Practical Learning Practical Learning: Controlling the Order of Animations

  1. On the main menu, click View -> Master -> Slide Master
  2. Right any word in the slide and click Custom Animation...
  3. Click the Order & Timing tab.
    In the Animation Order list, click Rectangle 7 and click the button above the Move label

The Start Timing Effect of an Animation

After creating the animation on a slide or on slides, to show its effects, by default, you must click the mouse for each animation. This is convenient if you want to control when an animation would display. This can also be annoying. Fortunately, you can make an animation display either automatically when the slide comes up or you can delay the animation for a few seconds or minutes. This would make it come up by itself when the timing is reached, instead of clicking the mouse. This timing effect can be set or controlled in the Start Animation section of the Order & Timing property page of the Custom Animation dialog box.

Practical Learning Practical Learning: Controlling the Starting Time of an Animation

  1. In the Animation Order list, click the Rectangle 7 item if necessary.
    In the Start Animation section of the Order & Timing property page, click the Automatically radio button
  2. Accept the default value of 00:00
  3. In the Animation Order list, click Title 12
  4. In the Start Animation section, click the Automatically radio button
  5. Increase the spin button to 00:05
  6. Click OK

The Dimming Effect of an Animation

After an animation has occurred, its object usually displays on the slide. If you want, you can hide text on which the animation occurred or you can change its font color. This is controlled by the After Animation combo box of the Effects property page.

Practical Learning Practical Learning: Controlling the Dimming Effect of an Animation

  1. Display the last slide
  2. Right click Questions and click Custom Animation...
  3. In the Check to Animate Slide Objects, click the check box of Text 2 and click the Effects property page
  4. In the After Animation combo box, select More Colors
  5. Click the Custom property page, select a yellow color and click OK

Animations and Sounds

If you plan to use sound during your presentation, you can associate some sound effects with your animation. Microsoft PowerPoint installs various sound effects you can use for your presentation.

To associate a sound effect with an animation, in the Custom Animation property page, select the animation. In the Effects property page, select a sound effect in the lower combo box of the Entry Animation And Sound section.

Practical Learning Practical Learning: Adding Sound Effects

  1. Display the first slide
  2. Right-click the name in the lower section of the slide and click Custom Animation...
  3. In the Check to Animate Slide Objects, make sure Text 9 is selected or click it and click the Effects property page if necessary
  4. In the Entry Animation And Sound third combo box, select Chime
  5. On the main menu, click View -> Master -> Slide Master
  6. Right any word in the title and click Custom Animation...
  7. In the Check to Animate Slide Objects, make sure Title 12 is selected or click it and click the Effects property page if necessary
  8. In the Entry Animation And Sound third combo box, select Laser
  9. Click OK
  10. Save and view the presentation

Effects on Slides Transitions

 

Introduction

So far, to move from one slide to another, we were clicking. Moving from one slide to another during a presentation is referred to as transition. In some cases, you can make the presentation automatically move from one slide to another without your clicking the slide.

To create a transitional effect from one particular slide to the next, on the main menu, click Slide Show -> Slide Transition... In the Slide Transition dialog box, select the desired transition in the Effect section and click Apply. To apply a transition to all slides, in the Slide Transition dialog box, select a transition and click Apply To All.

Transition Options

While many transitions can be run fast, some others show their effect with a medium to lower speed. To relatively control the speed of a transition, use one of the radio buttons in the Effect section.

By default, a transition occurs when you click a slide during a presentation. If you want, you can make the transition occur automatically after a few seconds. This is controlled using the Automatically After check box and its spin button.

If you want, you can associate a sound effect with a transition. To do this, after selecting the desired transition in the Slide Transition dialog box, select a sound effect in the Sound combo box. Each sound effect has a certain lapse of time, usually short to make it less irritating. If you want the sound to play continuously until it is replaced by the next transition.

Practical Learning Practical Learning: Applying Transition Effects

  1. On the main menu, click View -> Slide Sorter
  2. Right-click the first slide and click Slide Transition...
  3. In the Effect section of the Slide Transition dialog box, click the arrow of the combo box below the picture, and select Fade Through Black
  4. Click the Medium radio button
  5. Click Apply
  6. Click the second slide. Press and hold Shift. Click the last slide and release Shift
  7. On the main menu, click Slide Show -> Slide Transition...
  8. In the combo box of the Effect section, select Dissolve
  9. Click the Slow radio button
     
  10. Click Apply
  11. Click a white area to deselect
  12. Right-click the last slide and click Slide Transition
  13. In the Advance section, click the Automatically After check box and check its spin button to 00:20
  14. In the Sound combo box, select Applause
     
  15. Click Apply
 

MOUS Topics

 
S14 Modify the Slide Master
S37 Add slide transitions
S38 Animate text and objects
 

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